# How to…¶

## Pass data between pipeline steps¶

Please refer to the dedicated section on .

## Install new packages¶

Tip

👉 Would you rather watch a short video tutorial? Check it our here: installing additional packages.

To install new packages, you should make use of . Simply build a new environment that contains your package and select it inside the pipeline editor. Installing packages is done using well known commands such as pip install and sudo apt-get install.

Note

💡 When updating an existing environment, the new environment will automatically be used inside the visual editor (and for your interactive pipeline runs). However, the JupyterLab kernel needs to be restarted if it was already running.

### What not to do¶

Do not install new packages by running bash commands inside the Notebooks. This will require the packages to be installed every time you do a pipeline run, since the state of the kernel environment is ephemeral.

## Use git inside Orchest¶

Please refer to the dedicated section on .

## Import a project¶

Check out our video: importing a project.

## Share code between steps¶

Note

💡 This approach also works to share code between pipelines.

There are multiple answers to this question. One being that you can make that code into a package which you can then install in your environment, just like other packages such as numpy. Of course the development cycle would be highly reduced with this approach and so an alternative would be to add the files to the project directory directly and import them in your scripts.

For example, you could create a utils.py file in your project directory and use its functions from within your scripts by:

import utils

utils.transform(...)


## Minimize Orchest’s disk size¶

To keep Orchest’s disk footprint to a minimal you can use the following best practices:

• Are you persisting data to disk? Then write it to the /data directory instead of the project directory. create a snapshot (for reproducibility reasons) of your project directory and would copy data in your project directory for every pipeline run, consuming large amounts of storage. The smaller the size of your project directory, the smaller the size of your jobs.

• Do you have many pipeline runs as part of jobs? You can configure your job to only retain a number of pipeline runs and automatically delete the older ones. Steps: (1) edit an existing job or create a new one, (2) go to pipeline runs, and (3) select auto clean-up.

## Use a GPU in Orchest¶

Currently GPU support is not yet available. Coming soon!

## Use the Orchest CLI¶

Below you will find the most important orchest-cli commands that you need to know (you can also get all this information by running orchest -h):

orchest start

# Stop Orchest (shuts down Orchest completely).
orchest stop

# Install Orchest (check out the dedicated Installation guide in
# the Getting started section).
orchest install

# Update Orchest to a newer version (NOTE: this can also be done
# through the settings in the UI).
orchest update

# Get extensive version information. Useful to see whether the
# installation was successful.
orchest version


## Use Orchest shortcuts like a pro¶

### Command palette¶

Key(s)

Action

Control/Command + K

Open command palette

/

Navigate command palette commands

PageUp/PageDown

Navigate command palette commands

Escape

Dismiss command palette

### Pipeline editor¶

Key(s)

Action

Space + click + drag

Pan canvas*

Ctrl + click

Select multiple steps

Ctrl + A

Select all steps*

Ctrl + Enter

Run selected steps*

H

Center view and reset zoom

Escape

Deselect steps

Delete/Backspace

Delete selected step(s)

Double click a step

Open file in JupyterLab

* Requires mouse to hover the canvas

## Skip notebook cells¶

Notebooks facilitate an experimental workflow, meaning that there will be cells that should not be run when executing the notebook (from top to bottom). Since pipeline runs require your notebooks to be executable, Orchest provides an (pre-installed JupyterLab) extension to skip those cells.

To skip a cell during pipeline runs:

1. Open JupyterLab.

2. Go to the Property Inspector, this is the icon with the two gears all the way at the right.

3. Select the cell you want to skip and give it a tag of: skip.

The cells with the skip tag are still runnable through JupyterLab, but when executing these notebooks as part of pipelines in Orchest they will not be run.

## Migrate to Kubernetes¶

The moment we have moved to a Kubernetes backed Orchest version (and deprecated the Docker based version), we will update this section of the documentation to include steps on how to migrate your current deployment to a Kubernetes based one.

Just know that we are super excited to make the Kubernetes version available part of the open core and we are invested to provide a smooth migration experience 🔥